These are the main types of needlepoint stitches available today. The decision of which stitches to incorporate into your piece will depend on the gauge of the canvas or material you are working on and the type of yarn or thread you are working with.
Cross Stitches are exactly what the name implies - stitches that are created by crossing the threads over each other and are probably the most popular type of stitch used today in needlepoint tapestry. The size of the crossed stitch can vary, depending on the thickness of the thread and the gauge of the canvas. Each crossed stitch should covers the canvas.
Composite Stitches are stitches that use more than one type of stitch. Composite stitches are generally large and may not cover the canvas.
Looped Stitches are also called Pile Stitches are generally used in rug making but may be used in needlepoint projects also. All of these stitches create a texture with a three dimensional look. The pile surface is created by the loops contained in the stitches. Some stitches remain with the loops intact and some require the loops to be cut.